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Type: str

Default: None

You can set Authentication class in your configs

Panther use it, to authenticate every API/ WS if auth=True and give you the user or raise HTTP_401_UNAUTHORIZED

The user will be in request.user in APIs and in self.user in WSs

We implemented 2 built-in authentication classes which use JWT for authentication.

But, You can use your own custom authentication class too.


This class will

  • Get the token from Authorization header of request.
  • Check the Bearer
  • decode the token
  • Find the matched user

JWTAuthentication is going to use panther.db.models.BaseUser if you didn't set the USER_MODEL in your configs

You can customize these 4 variables for JWTAuthentication in your configs as JWTConfig like below (JWTConfig is optional):

from datetime import timedelta
from panther.utils import load_env  
from pathlib import Path

BASE_DIR = Path(__name__).resolve().parent  
env = load_env(BASE_DIR / '.env')


JWTConfig = {  
    'key': SECRET_KEY,  
    'algorithm': 'HS256',  
    'life_time': timedelta(days=2),  
    'refresh_life_time': timedelta(days=10),  

key     --> default is SECRET_KEY

algorithm   --> default is HS256

life_time  --> default is timedelta(days=1)

refresh_life_time  --> default is multiply 2 of life_time


  • This class is same as JWTAuthentication and the only difference is that, this class is looking for token in query params not in the headers

  • You should pass the token like this:

Websocket Authentication#

The QueryParamJWTAuthentication is very useful when you are trying to authenticate the user in websocket, you just have to add this into your configs:

WS_AUTHENTICATION = 'panther.authentications.QueryParamJWTAuthentication'

Custom Authentication#

  • Create a class and inherits it from panther.authentications.BaseAuthentication

  • Implement async authentication(cls, request: Request | Websocket) method

    • Process the request.headers.authorization or ...
    • Return Instance of USER_MODEL
    • Or raise panther.exceptions.AuthenticationAPIError
  • Add it into your configs

    AUTHENTICATION = 'project_name.core.authentications.CustomAuthentication'

You can see the source code of JWTAuthentication [here]